As for who got what in the deal, Taiwan is considered the biggest winner. For Taiwanese fishermen, the benefits include larger fishing grounds and an end to harassment by the Japanese Coast Guard. For Beijing, largely ignored in the negotiations, the agreement marks a significant boost to Taiwan`s claim to sovereignty before the international community, which China has long rejected. It considers the island to be a separatist province. Second, although Taiwan does not have diplomatic relations with Japan, it is a player on the diplomatic scene. This agreement makes a gap between Taipei and Beijing and prevents the two from getting too close. Given that Japan is very concerned about the security situation around the Ryukyu Islands, the Japanese island chain located south of the four main islands, of which Okinawa is the largest member, it is important that Taiwan can be considered a player. This is a new aspect that can be added to the 1972 configuration. On February 8, 2013, Taiwan refuted the idea that there was a connection with China over the Dispute over the Senkaku Islands and instead moved closer to Japan and the United States. On April 17, the Taiwanese military began live-fire military exercises, in which Ma himself participated, in preparation for possible attacks from China. The 2013 bilateral fisheries agreement continues to make changes. This agreement is important in many ways, but I would like to focus in particular on three points.
The bilateral fisheries pact allows Taiwanese trawlers to operate in part of Japan`s exclusive economic zone, near the Senkaku Islands, claimed as Tiaoyutai in Taiwan and Diaoyu in China. However, the following events have changed the situation somewhat. The Japanese government`s decision in September 2012 to nationalize the Senkaku caused tensions to rise between the two nations, with protests organized by fishing communities in Yilan County, Taiwan. This led to an unusual reaction from the Japanese government by publishing, through the IAJ, a message from Foreign Minister Genba Kōichirō to the Taiwanese people. In the embassy, he offered to reopen negotiations on fisheries. Some feared that the Taiwanese side would get bogged down in sovereignty issues, but in the end, problems of this kind were set aside and negotiations focused on the two aspects highlighted in the East China Sea Peace Initiative: peace and resource sharing. The area in question is the so-called inverted triangular region between the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands, the Yaeyama Islands, on the southern periphery of the Ryukyu Islands Chain, of which Yonaguni Island is a part, and Taiwanese waters. In accordance with the bilateral fisheries pact, each government regulates its fishermen in the region. TAIPEI (Taiwan News) – At the recent meeting between the fishing agencies of Japan and Taiwan, several revisions were made to a 2013 bilateral agreement on fishing rights around the controversial islands of Diaoyu (Jp. Senkaku). The two countries have agreed on new rules on allowed fishing methods for certain parts of the common fishery.